Aker BioMarine and Oslo University Hospital have done a field study on the effect of krill oil on choline levels during exercise
Choline is a nutrient that has been implicated in athletic performance due to its role in maintaining normal muscle function. Levels of circulating free choline may decrease during high-intensity exercise, yet few nutritional strategies to counteract this potentially performance-depleting loss in choline have been investigated outside the laboratory.
Aker BioMarine (Aker), in partnership with the Oslo University Hospital, has done a field study, investigating the effect of supplementation with krill oil (a rich source of phosphatidylcholine) on serum levels of choline and its metabolites in athletes competing in triathlons of varying distances.
Athletes who participated in the recent Norseman Xtreme triathlon and the Oslo triathlon were studied. Results, published in Frontiers in Nutrition, show that the consumption of krill oil prior to endurance competitions increases levels of circulating choline and its metabolites in athletes.
Forty-seven triathletes, aged 25-61, were recruited from participants in the Ironman-distance Norseman Xtreme triathlon and the Sprint/Olympic-distance Oslo Triathlon. Twenty-four athletes were randomly allocated to the krill oil group, receiving 4 g of Superba Boost krill oil daily for five weeks prior to the race, and 23 athletes were randomly allocated to the placebo group, receiving 4 g of mixed vegetable oil daily. Blood samples were obtained before the race, immediately after completion of the race, and the day after the race for analysis of choline and its metabolites.
The study’s results show the reduction in choline is dependent on race distance and that consumption of krill oil prior to endurance competitions increases overall levels of serum choline.
More specifically, serum choline was reduced by 15-34% on average from pre-race to race finish in all races, but significantly higher concentrations of choline (9.4% on average) were observed in the krill oil compared to the placebo group. Furthermore, the krill oil group showed a significantly greater increase in serum choline from race completion to the day after the race.
“There has been a worldwide increase in the number of people participating in endurance events over the past decade,” said Andreas Berg Storsve, MSc PhD, Director R&D, Aker Antarctic AS. “Therefore, it’s imperative that we continue to explore nutrients like krill oil and their impact on sports nutrition.
"As demonstrated in this first of its kind study, supplementation with krill oil over time increases overall levels of circulating choline in endurance athletes participating in a wide range of competition formats with varying levels of difficulty. This means that the study is also good news for novice athletes and general consumers alike, and the bottom line is that anyone engaging in physical activity can benefit from krill oil.”